The Twenty-second United States Census , known as Census and conducted by the Census Bureau , determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, , to be ,,, an increase of Approximately 16 percent of households received a "long form" of the census, which contained over questions. Full documentation on the census, including census forms and a procedural history, is available from the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. This was the first census in which a state — California — recorded a population of over 30 million, as well as the first in which two states — California and Texas — recorded a population of more than 20 million.
Lesbians and Gay Men in the U.S. Military: Estimates from Census 2000
Declining Segregation of Same-Sex Partners: Evidence from Census and
By Katy Steinmetz. For centuries, being lesbian, gay, bisexual or transgender in America meant hiding at least part of who you were. The years since have brought a rapid social transformation, with LGBT Americans increasingly accepted throughout society and accorded many—though far from all—of its legal protections. As the LGBT population moves into its full and equal place in public life, many people are asking an old question with new urgency: just how many LGBT Americans are there? Now, for the first time, a group of experts from 21 federal agencies are working on a project to figure out how to do just that. For many LGBT people, there is also a keen sense of dignity and power at stake in such research. Privacy concerns and terminology quandaries are among the issues that the federal working group, led out of the Office of Management and Budget, are working hard to figure out, as politicians across the nation argue that these demographics, and their struggles, must be recognized and researched.
2000 United States Census
Focusing on the most populous places in the United States, I use data from the and Decennial Census to examine the segregation of same-sex partners over time and its place-level correlates. I estimate linear regression models to examine the role of four place characteristics in particular: average levels of education, aggregate trends in the family life cycle of same-sex partners, violence and social hostility motivated by sexual orientation bias, and representation of same-sex partners in the overall population. On average, same-sex partners were less segregated from different-sex partners in than in , and the vast majority of same-sex partners lived in environments of declining segregation. Segregation was lower and declined more rapidly in places that had a greater percentage of graduate degree holders.
But beyond stereotypes, what do we know about real-life homosexuals? Researchers Gary Gates, of the Urban Institute, and Seth Sanders, of the University of Maryland, have spent years mining standard data sources including the census long form for insights into the gay and lesbian population in the United States. The trickiest part of doing this research, they say, is defining homosexuality. Existing social science surveys make no attempt to define who is gay and lesbian, said Gates.